Step 4:  Editing

 

Objectives:

 

·        To investigate and practice editing technique and strategy

 

Outcomes: 

 

·        To demonstrate more effective writing through the use of systematic editing methods

 

Warm-Up:

 

1.      Using a piece you have recently written, consider the following things:

a.      Is it easy for a reader (who doesn’t know anything about the topic or you) to follow?

b.      Does it move smoothly from sentence to sentence and idea to idea?

c.      Are all sentences and/or words necessary to support you topic?

d.      How much time do you spend looking over your writing AFTER you have written a first draft?

 

2.      Read the following basic article about how to proofread.  Take notes for your future reference. 

http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/Proofreading.html .

 

3.      Recommended:

a.      Complete Writing Process Step1- Pre-Writing activities.

b.      Complete Writing Process Step 2- Drafting activities.

c.      Complete Writing Process Step 3- Revising activities.

 

New Instruction:

 

Editing can be very complex.  This list is only a sample of common elements to consider when editing.  Print articles, take notes, and/or create examples for your future reference. 

 

1.      Transitions

a.      Read the following article / examples.  Print, or note, examples for future reference. 

b.      Ask yourself, "How do YOU transition from one sentence, paragraph, or idea to the next?"

c.      http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/maplewoods/writeplace/transitions.html

 

2.      Wordiness

a.      Read the following article / examples.  Print, or note, examples for future reference. 

b.      Ask yourself, "Are there often words/phrases in YOUR writing that could be replaced with something more concise?" 

c.      http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/CCS_wordyphrases.html

d.      http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/maplewoods/writeplace/Wordiness.html

 

3.      Using numbers in writing

a.      Read the following article / examples.  Print, or note, examples for future reference. 

b.      Ask yourself, "Do you ever spell out numbers when you are writing?"

c.      http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/maplewoods/writeplace/Numbers.htm

 

4.      Grammar & Punctuation 

a.      Complete at least one exercise (Instruction & Quiz) from each of the eight sections in this guide.  Print, or note, examples for future reference.

b.      Ask yourself, "Do you have any specific grammatical errors you make over and over again?  Write down what they are, and remember to proofread specifically for these!"

c.      http://198.85.71.81/english/grammarguide.html

 

5.      Parallel structure

a.      Print and complete this basic activity.  (You will be asked for a name and password.  Just hit “Cancel” to go to activity.)

b.      Answers may vary, so show your work to your instructor for feedback.   

c.      Parallelism problems are very common.  Be sure to proofread specifically for these errors! 

d.      http://m253.sd40.bc.ca/palc/documents/GED/Using%20Parallel%20Structure.doc

 

6.      Varying sentence length

a.      Complete this basic activity.  Answers may vary, so show your work to your instructor for feedback.  (You will be asked for a name and password.  Just hit “Cancel” to go to activity.)

b.      Ask yourself, "Do you make an effort to vary sentence length?  What length of sentence is most common in your writing? Could more variety of sentence length make your writing more readable?"

c.      http://m253.sd40.bc.ca/palc/documents/GED/Sound%20of%20Sentences98.doc

 

Feedback and Review:

 

1.      Use specific editing technique for two classroom writings.  For each piece, edit for at least three specific elements (example:  wordiness, active voice, transitions).

2.     Afterwards, show your notes and edited draft to your instructor for feedback and discussion.  

a.      How did using these techniques affect your writing experience? 

b.      How will your writing change when you focus more on effective editing?

 

Transfer of Knowledge or Skills:

 

1.      Apply elements of effective editing to writing formal letters.  

2.      How does being more careful about the quality of your final piece change the outcome?

 

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