Phonemics and Decoding
for Discussion Postings.
November focus on phonemics and decoding is an interesting one because
people have a variety of opinions on the issue. What I find interesting
is that many of us use these strategies but are not aware that we do. For
example, we frequently tell students to “sound out” words when they are
reading or spelling - regardless of the content area. When we are working
with our esol students, we also may focus on sound as a learning
strategy. It really is all a part of the big picture, isn’t it? To quote
Billings director Woody Jensen, we all
need “another tool in our toolkit.” Phonemics and decoding is
just one of them.
Adult nonreaders have virtually no phonemic
awareness ability and are unable to consistently perform, on their
own, almost all phonemic awareness tasks (Kruidenier, 2002).
Research-Based Principles for
Adult Basic Education Reading Instruction (Krudenier, 2002,
But some people (and many poor readers) do not
easily acquire phonemic awareness ... This quote from an adult learner
says it all: "It's not that no one ever taught me how to read before;
it's just that they never took me back far enough. They didn't know
what I didn't know" (Podhajski, 1998).
Applying Research in Reading
Instruction for Adults: First Steps for Teachers
(McShane, 2005, p.35.)
administered the Test of Auditory Analysis
Skills (TAAS) to assess PA. As a syllable and phoneme
deletion task, it assesses one among four kinds of phoneme
manipulation abilities listed by the National Reading Panel (NRP). The
tasks can be used to assess phonemic awareness. They also represent
the types of phoneme manipulation tasks that can be used during
instruction to improve learners' PA abilities.
NIFL Assessment Strategies and Reading
The TAAS tests oral word analysis
skills with 13 single word phonetic deletion items. Test takers are
given words orally and asked to delete a beginning sound, an ending
sound, or a part of a blend.
The author Marn Frank is an Adult
Learning Disabilities Specialist.
Reading: Phonemic Awareness,
(Frank, 2003) NetNews.
The phonograph approach is a
structured program to introduce phonic principles by using sound
clusters within whole words
Are you aware that some of your students have
difficulty with phonemics?
If so, what assessment tool have you used to
determine a student’s difficulty with phonemics?
What strategies have you used to teach phonemics
to your students?
comments, thoughts, or questions to