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Learning to Achieve Trainer Snippet #2:
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Module #5 Reading Disabilities
∑ Pages: 85-96
∑ Slides: 26-49
In this section assessments and instruction for the 5 components of reading were discussed. Assessments are used to inform instruction in phonemic awareness, decoding, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. With appropriate assessment, instruction can match the studentís learning profile.
People with phonemic awareness can recognize the smallest sound nits of a word. Both adult beginning and intermediate readers can sometimes benefit from phonemic awareness instruction. Assessment is done orally and individually.
Decoding is the ability to connect letters and letter combinations with sounds. Instruction should be systematic and explicit.
Fluency is rapid, efficient and mostly error free reading. It plays a key role in reading comprehension.
One of the more difficult reading components. Provide explicit instruction, teach vocabulary learning strategies, engage learners in exploring different ways to understand words, use collaborative groups to foster verbal interactions among learners.
Students can have difficulty with comprehension fors several reasons: difficulty decoding, limited vocabulary, lack of background knowledge, inability to apply comprehension strategies, and motivation.
Summarizing is a strategy that can help students with comprehension. Here is a five step strategy for summarizing. Many students will need to practice one step at a time to develop this strategy.
Delete unnecessary material.
Delete repetitive material.
Select topic sentence.
Compose a word to replace individual parts of an action,
Invent a topic sentence if none is available.
Resources from Learning to Achieve:
For information on the five big ideas in reading:
Center for Teaching and Learning (n.d.-a). Phonemic awareness. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from http://reading.uoregon.edu/big_ideas
Resources from MTLINCS:
∑ Fry Instant Word List
∑ Phonograph Approach (phonemics and decoding strategy)
∑ Three Drills
∑ Syllabication (pdf)
∑ Syllabication (Word)
∑ GED Science Terms
∑ GED Social Studies Terms
∑ Math Terms
Structural Analysis Vocabulary
∑ Prefix List
∑ Root List
∑ Suffix List
Vocabulary Strategy Worksheets
∑ Vocabulary - lincs
∑ Vocabulary General Strategy
∑ Vocabulary Signal Words
∑ Vocabulary Staircase Strategy
∑ Vocabulary Study Worksheet
Comprehension Strategies http://www.nwlincs.org/mtlincs/opi/reading/resources.htm#Comprehension
JumpStart Reading Activities
Pre/During/Post Reading Strategies
Before Reading Strategies
∑ Preview a Paragraph
During Reading Strategies
∑ Directed Reading-Thinking Activity
∑ SQ3R Activity
After Reading Strategies
∑ Cloze Reading Activity
Submitted by Shelley Barrett-Catton, L2A Trainer