Montana LINCS Update


Greetings from Montana LINCS


Problems with the links in the email?

Go to the Email Archives in the upper left-hand corner on the home page at


1.  MTLINCS Star Points:  SIA

Standards in Action (SIA) – another point on MTLINCS!!!


Click on the SIA Star Point on the MTLINCS homepage at . Find out how Montana ABLE is sustaining its commitment to SIA.  You will find great resources on the Resource link at .  

Updates:  Just by clicking on the month under Updates, you will also have access to any current SIA information that has been posted.  Access to information is just a click away!  Stay informed!


2.  MTLINCS Research-based Projects


Back by popular demand on the MTLINCS homepage – MTLINCS Research-based Projects!


Throughout the history of MTLINCS, several state participants researched and shared websites with other Montana ABLE folks.  Those sites had been moved to the Teacher/Tutor link.  However, as many have requested, the links are now located once again on the bottom of the MTLINCS homepage at .  Because some of the work had been shared during the past eight years, some links may not be active.  Please email MTLINCS when that occurs.

3.  MT ABLE Learning to Achieve:  Clarification on PAI


Here is a comment expressed by a participant during the Montana Learning to Achieve training. 


Research supports that students with learning disabilities should be encouraged to work in area of strength.  Programs are required to set a student’s Primary Area of Instruction (PAI) in the lowest area.  Is this the best policy for students with learning disabilities?


NOTE:  The above appears to be an inaccurate statement.  When MABLE was first created, the statement above may have been accurate; however, it is not so now.  As Montana ABLE Director Margaret Bowles says, “Programs should be aware of this flexibility.”


Please check the Montana ABLE Assessment Policy and Guidelines at at page 7, Section D. 


Section D – TABE Complete Battery or Survey – Reading, Language and Math


Upon completion of three pretests, the student's primary area of instruction (student's lowest performance area) will be identified. This is the baseline from which programs will measure student gains. Gains in the primary area of instruction count for educational gains. To obtain an educational gain, a posttest must be administered in the primary area of instruction (reading, language or math) that was determined by the pretest and used to establish the student's EFL. Programs may posttest in additional content areas (reading, language or math).


NRS guidelines require that the PAI must be in the area of the lowest pretest taken. An exception would be in the event a student requests instruction in a specific content area. In this case, the program instructor can declare that the primary area of instruction will be the requested specific content area. Prior to selecting the primary area of instruction based on student preference, it is important to review all three pretests to discuss and clarify the student's academic needs. This provides an opportunity for the student to make an informed decision that will guide his/her instruction. If the student does not voice a preference, the lowest area of performance must be selected as the PAI. MABLE will automatically calculate to the lowest and suggest instruction in the lowest area.



Click here and join Montana ESL professionals as they share thoughts about the skill of listening on the Montana ESL wiki at

5.  MAACE Survey

Click here  to express your opinion and vision for the Montana Association for Adult and Community Education.  Please take this short, 5 question survey before midnight, Tuesday, November 22, 2011.

6.  Improving Adult Literacy Instruction:  Options for Practice and Research - Discussion


Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Options for Practice and Research

Study Circle Discussions November 28-December 9, 2011


The Professional Development List is hosting chapter study circle discussions on the recent report titled Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Options for Practice and Research, published by the National Research Council of The National Academies. Through group discussion, we will delve more deeply into the research, link it to related work, reflect on the findings, explore whether or how it fits with our experiences as teachers and learners, and share implications for future practice.


Chapter 4: Principles of Learning for Instructional Design (pgs. 4-1 to 4-24)

November 28-December 2, 2011

Guest Facilitator: Stephanie Moran, Program Coordinator, Durango Adult Education Center, Colorado


Chapter 5: Motivation, Engagement, and Persistence (pgs. 5-1 to 5-33)

December 5-9, 2011

Guest Facilitator: Andrea Nash, Professional Development Specialist, World Education, Massachusetts


To prepare, start reading the chapters now.


To obtain a free pre-publication copy of the report, Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Options for Practice and Research:


a)     Visit:  


b)     Click on “Download Free PDF”


c)     It will prompt you to log in or to continue as a guest. Proceed as you wish by following the prompts.


Jackie Taylor

Professional Development List Facilitator


7.  Health Literacy Resource


Taken from LINCS Discussion List

Integrating Health Across the Curriculum: A Guide for Program Directors in Adult Basic Education by Marcia Hohn and Alisa Povenmire is a training document to encourage and support the integration of health content and skills development throughout the curriculum of adult learning centers, and also to support the connection of health to other initiatives such as family literacy, community planning, and technology.

8.  Reading Resource


Taken from LINCS Discussion List

The Evidence Based Reading Instruction Series from CALPRO provides research and teaching strategies for each of the four components of reading: alphabetics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. Suggestions for assessing each component and additional readings are also included. It is important to note that this series contains digests, not comprehensive descriptions of the components. 


P.S.  Remember -- if you are having trouble with the links in this email, go to the Email Archives at the top of the MTLINCS homepage at .  Also if you no longer wish to receive this mailing, please let me know!  Thanks!


Norene Peterson
Adult Education Center
415 N. 30th
Billings, MT 59101