Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K
L M N O P Q R S T U V
W X Y Z

 

A

A: Drive – see disk drive.

 

Accessories – built in components on the computer’s hard drive.  To access click one time on the Start button, move your cursor up to Programs in the menu that pops up and click on Accessories.

 

Address window - identifies which object you are viewing.  Also known as Address Bar.

 

Alignment - when used to describe text, alignment is the arrangement of text or graphics relative to a margin.  Flush left alignment means that text is lined up along the left margin.  Flush right alignment lines up text along the right margin.  Centered alignment means that text is aligned around a midpoint.  Justified alignment means that text lines up along both margins.

 

Arrow keys - most keyboards contain four arrow keys for moving the cursor or insertion point right, left, up, or down.  When combined with the Shift key, Function, Control, or ALT keys, the arrow keys can have different meanings.  For example, pressing Shift +Up-arrow might move the cursor or pointer up an entire page.  The exact manner in which the arrow keys function depends on which program is running.

 

Attachment - a file attached to an e-mail message.  Many e-mail systems only support sending text files as e-mail. If the attachment is a binary file or formatted text file (such as an MS-Word document), it must be encoded before it is sent and decoded once it is received. There are a number of encoding schemes, the two most prevalent being Uuencode and MIME.

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B

Back button – a button on the Web browser toolbar that when clicked with the left side of the mouse button causes you to go back to the page that you were looking at before you followed the link to take you to the current page.  The down arrow just to the right of the Back button brings up a list of the sites you have visited using this browser window.

 

Backspace - a character that causes the cursor to move backward one character space, possibly deleting the preceding character.

 

Backspace key - a key that moves the cursor or insertion point backward one character space.  In addition to moving the cursor backward, the Backspace key usually deletes the character to the left of the cursor or insertion point. It is particularly useful, therefore, for correcting typos.

 

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Bold – a font that is darker than the regular face. For example: normal font, boldface font.

 

Brochure – a small pamphlet or booklet.

 

Browser - see Web browser. 

 

Business letter – a written communication dealing with business.  Most business letters have a formal tone. You should write a business letter whenever you need a permanent record that you sent the information enclosed.  Because you generally send business letters to other professionals, always include a formal salutation and closing.   A business letter has four main parts with a variety of features.  The main parts (with standard features) include heading (letterhead or return address and date line), opening (inside address and salutation), body (message), and closing (complimentary closing, writer’s name and title and reference initials.

 

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C

Cables - the collections of wires twined together to connect peripherals to the computer system unit. 

 

CD-ROM - pronounced see-dee-rom.  Short for Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory, a type of optical disk capable of storing large amounts of data  -- up to 1GB, although the most common size is 650MB (megabytes).  A single CD-ROM has the storage capacity of 700 floppy disks, enough memory to store about 300,000 text pages.  Unlike diskettes, CD-ROM disks can be read by any type of computer with a CD-ROM drive. 

 

CD-ROM drive – a device that reads the information contained on a CD-Rom.  The computer will contain a slot for entering the CD-Rom from outside the computer.

 

Cell – a box in which you can enter a single piece of data.  The data is usually text or a numeric value.

 

Central processing unit (CPU) - the brain of the computer that processes instructions and manages the flow of information through a computer system. 

 

Click - to tap on a mouse button, pressing it down and then immediately releasing it.  Clicking a mouse button is different from pressing (or dragging) a mouse button, which implies that you hold the button down without releasing it.  The phrase to click on means to select (a screen object) by moving the mouse pointer to the object's position and clicking a mouse button.

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Click and drag - drag refers to moving an icon or other image on a display screen.  To drag an object across a display screen, you usually select the object with a button "grab" it and then move the mouse while keeping the mouse button pressed down.  The term drag is also used more generally to refer to any operation in which the mouse button is held down while the mouse is moved.  For example, you would drag the mouse to select a block of text.

 

Clip art - electronic illustrations that can be inserted into a document. Many clip-art packages are available, some general and others specialized for a particular field.  Most clip-art packages provide the illustrations in several file formats so that you can insert them into various word-processing systems.

 

Closing letter - the words (as sincerely yours) that conventionally come immediately before the signature of a letter and express the sender's regard for the receiver.  Also called complimentary closing.

 

Close - to close a window means to exit an application or file, thereby removing the window from the display screen.  Also, to finish work on a data file and save it.

 

Column – in a table, a column is a vertical row of cells.

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Computer - an electronic device that stores, retrieves, and processes data, and can be programmed with instructions.  A computer is composed of hardware and software, and can exist in a variety of sizes and configurations. 

 

Computer case - the unit that contains the components of the computer system that enables data to be processed according to a series of instructions.  It is also known as the system unit or console.

 

Computer tower – the unit that contains the Central Processing Unit (CPU).

 

Connect - a physical link via wire, radio, fiber-optic cable, or other medium between two or more communications devices.  See connectivity.

 

Connectivity - the nature of the connection between a user's computer and another computer, such as a server or a host computer on the Internet or a network.  Also the ability of hardware devices, software packages, or a computer itself to work with network devices or with other hardware devices, software packages, or a computer over a network connection.

 

Copies – plural for copy.

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Copy – a reproduction of a written record; to copy a piece of data to a temporary location.  Copying refers to duplicating a section of a document and placing it in a buffer (sometimes called a clipboard).  After copying, you can move the contents of the buffer by pasting it somewhere else.

 

Correct – to remove the errors or mistakes from.

 

Cover sheet – a document to accompany transmitted information.  The process by which fixed graphic material including pictures, text, or images is scanned and the information converted into electrical signals that are transmitted via telephone to produce a paper copy of the graphics on the receiving fax machine.

 

Cursor - a special symbol, usually a solid rectangle or a blinking underline character, that signifies where the next character will be displayed on the display screen.  To type in different areas of the screen, you need to move the cursor.  You can do this with the arrow keys, or with a mouse if your program supports it.  If you are running a graphics based program, the cursor may appear as a small arrow, called a pointer.  (The terms cursor and pointer are often used interchangeably).  In text processing, a cursor sometimes appears as an I-beam pointer, a special type of pointer that always appears between two characters.

 

Cut - to remove an object from a document and place it in a buffer.  In word processing, cut means to move a section of text from a document to a temporary buffer.  This is one way to delete text.  However, because the text is transferred to a buffer, it is not lost forever.  You can copy the buffer somewhere else in the document or in another document, which is called pasting.  To move a section of text from one place to another, therefore, you need to first cut it and then paste it. This is often called cut-and-paste.

 

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D

Default - a value or setting that a device or program automatically selects if you do not specify a substitute.  For example, word processors have default margins and default page lengths that you can override or reset.

 

Delete - to remove or erase.  Deleting a character means removing it from a file or erasing it from the display screen.  Deleting a file means erasing it from a disk.  Unlike cut, deleting does not necessarily place the removed object in a buffer from where it can be recovered.

 

Desktop - a desktop is the metaphor used to portray file systems.  Such a desktop consists of pictures, called icons, that show cabinets, files, folders, and various types of documents (letters, reports, pictures). You can arrange the icons on the electronic desktop just as you can arrange real objects on a real desktop -- moving them around, putting one on top of another, reshuffling them, and throwing them away.

 

Dialogue box – a box that appears on a display screen to present information or request input.  Typically, dialog boxes are temporary -- they disappear once you have entered the requested information.

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Disk drive - a device that reads the information contained on a disk.  The drive may be permanently installed inside the computer (hard disk drive) or contain a slot for entering the disk from outside the computer (floppy disk drive or compact disk drive). 

 

Diskette – see floppy disk.

 

Display screen - the display part of a monitor.

 

Document - the term was originally used for a file created with a word processor.  In addition to text, documents can contain graphics, charts, and other objects.  The term document is used more and more to describe any file produced by an application.

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Document window - an on-screen window (enclosed work area) in which the user can create, view, or work on a document.

 

Double click - tapping a mouse button twice in rapid succession.  The second click must immediately follow the first click, otherwise the program will interpret them as two separate clicks rather than one double click.  In Microsoft Windows and the Macintosh interface, you can use a double click to open files and applications.  Both systems let you set the double-click speed (the longest acceptable interval between each click).

 

Double space – to type (text) leaving alternate lines blank.  To type on every other line.

 

Down arrow – one of the arrow keys on the keyboard that moves the cursor down one line.

 

Drive – see disk drive.

 

Drop-down box – see drop-down menu.

 

Drop-down menu – A menu in a graphical user interface, whose title is normally visible but whose contents are revealed only when the user activates it, normally by pressing the mouse button while the pointer is over the title, whereupon the menu items appear below the title.  The user may then select an item from the menu or click elsewhere, in either case the menu contents are hidden again.  A menu item is selected either by dragging the mouse from the menu title to the item and releasing or by clicking the title and then the item.  When a pull-down menu appears in the main area of a window, as opposed to the menu bar, it may have a small, downward-pointing triangle to the right.

 

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E

E-mail - electronic messages, typically addressed as person to person correspondence, that are transmitted between computers and across networks. 

 

E-mail address - an identifying address for a user's mailbox; characters identifying the user are followed by the @ symbol and the address of the mailbox's computer. 

 

Edit - to make a change to an existing file or document.  Changes to the existing document are saved in memory or in a temporary file but are not added to the document until the program is instructed to save them.  Editing programs typically provide safeguards against inadvertent changes, such as by requesting confirmation before saving under an existing filename, by allowing the user to assign a password to a file, or by giving the option of setting the file to read-only status.

 

Existing document – a document previously created. 

 

Exit – to close an application.  In a program, to move from the called routine back to the calling routine. A routine can have more than one exit point, thus allowing termination based on various conditions.

 

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F

FAX machine - abbreviation of facsimile machine, a fax machine is a device that can send or receive pictures and text over a telephone line.

 

FAX Wizard – a series of fill-in-the blank dialog boxes that lead you through the process of creating a custom FAX document, enabling you to specify design preference and enter chunks of text.

 

File - a collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename.  Almost all information stored in a computer must be in a file.  There are many different types of files: data files, text files, program files, directory files, etc.  Different types of files store different types of information.  For example, program files store programs, whereas text files store text.

 

File menu – located on the Menu bar.  Click on the word “file” to display the contents of the menu.

 

Floppy disk - a soft magnetic disk.  It is called floppy because the old 5 1/4 –inch variety “flopped” if you waved it.  Unlike most hard disks, floppy disks (often called floppies or diskettes) are portable, because you can remove them from a disk drive.  Disk drives for floppy disks are called floppy drives.  Floppy disks are slower to access than hard disks and have less storage capacity, but they are much less expensive.  And most importantly, they are portable.

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Floppy drive – short for floppy disk drive (FDD), a drive that can read and write to a floppy disk.  See disk drive.

 

Folder - an object that can contain multiple documents.  Folders are used to organize information.

 

Font - a design for a set of characters.  A font is the combination of typeface and other qualities, such as size, pitch, and spacing.  For example, Times Roman is a typeface that defines the shape of each character.  Within Times Roman, however, there are many fonts to choose from -- different sizes, italic, boldface, and so on.  (The term font is often used incorrectly as a synonym for typeface.)

 

Formatting – to specify the properties, particularly visible properties, of an object.  Word processing applications allow you to format text, which involves specifying the font, alignment, margins, and other properties.

 

Forward button - a button on the Web browser toolbar that will not be available unless you have used the Back button at least once. If you have used the back button, and the forward button is not grayed out, clicking one time on the Forward button will take you to the page you just left when you clicked on the Back button.  The down arrow to the right of the Forward button brings up a list of the sites you have visited and then used the Back button to return from using this browser window.

 

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G

Grammar – the study of the classes of words, their inflections, and their functions and relations in the sentence.

 

Grammar checker - a software accessory that checks text for errors in grammatical construction.

 

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H

Hard drive (a.k.a. hard disk drive) - a device used to "permanently" store information within a computer, such as programs and data. 

 

Hardware - refers to objects that you can actually touch, i.e. disks, disk drives, display screens, keyboards, and printers.  Books provide a useful analogy.  The pages and the ink are the hardware, while the words, sentences, paragraphs, and the overall meaning are the software.

 

Headphone – electro-acoustic transducer for converting electric signals into sounds; it is held over or inserted into the ear.

 

Highlight - to make an object on a display screen stand out by displaying it in a different mode from other objects.  Typical highlighted objects include menu options, command buttons, and selected blocks of text.

 

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Home button – a button on the Web browser toolbar that when clicked you can instantly get back to that first page, no matter how many pages you have visited in your Internet session.

 

Home key - a key, found on most keyboards, whose function usually involves sending the cursor to some type of home position in an application.

 

Home page - the introductory page on a Web site that usually contains a table of contents for the site and hot links to other pages.

 

Hyperlink - an element in an electronic document that links to another place in the same document or to an entirely different document.  Typically, you click on the hyperlink to follow the link.  Hyperlinks are the most essential ingredient of all hypertext systems, including the World Wide Web. 

 

Hypertext - text that contains links to other parts of a document, or to documents held on another computer. 

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I

Icon - a small picture that represents an object or program.

 

Ignore – to disregard.

 

Index finger – the finger next to the thumb. The finger used to left click on the mouse.

 

Inside address – the written indication on a business letter indicating destination.  The inside address is located in the opening of a business letter.

 

Internet - a world-wide network of computer networks through which people can exchange data and communications. 

 

Internet Explorer (IE) - is the most widely used World Wide Web browser. It comes with the Microsoft Windows operating system and can also be downloaded from Microsoft's Web site. 

 

Italic - fonts with characters slanted to the right.

 

Italicize - to print in italics or underscore with a single line.

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K

Keyboard - a device similar to a typewriter that is used to enter information and instructions into the computer.  In addition to letter keys, most keyboards have number pads and function keys that make the computer software easier to use. 

 

Keys - buttons on a keyboard.

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L

Letterhead – a sheet of stationery printed or engraved usually with the name and address of an organization.

 

Line spacing – the space between lines of text within a paragraph.   Line spacing is selected by clicking Format and Paragraph on the Menu bar.

 

Look-in location – the area in the open dialog box that directs you to the drive, folder or file you want to locate.  If the file is not displayed in the window, you must click on the drop-down list arrow in the Look-in box and select the appropriate folder or drive.  The contents of the folder or drive that you select will appear in the window.

 

Login name – the username or password you enter before the computer system allows you to execute programs.  See log on.

 

Log on - to make a computer system or network recognize you so that you can begin a computer session.  Most personal computers have no log-on procedure - you just turn the machine on and begin working.  For larger systems and networks, however, you usually need to enter a username and password before the computer system will allow you to execute programs.

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M

Margin – the strips of white space around the edge of the paper.  The wider the left and right margins, the narrower the page.  The wider the top and bottom margins, the shorter the page.

 

Maximize – to enlarge a window to fill the entire screen; to make as big or large as possible.

 

Memorandum – an informal record or a written reminder.  An informal written note of a transaction or proposed instrument.

 

Menu - a list of commands or options from which you can choose.  Most applications now have a menu driven component.  You can choose an item from the menu by highlighting it and then pressing the Enter or Return key, or by simply pointing to the item with a mouse and click one of the mouse buttons.

 

Menu bar - a horizontal strip at the top of a window that shows the menus available in a program.  Each menu option is generally associated with another pull-down menu that appears when you make a selection.

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Middle finger - rests on the right button of the mouse.

 

Minimize – to reduce a window to the smallest size or degree.

 

Monitor - a device similar to a television screen that receives video signals from the computer and displays the information for the user. 

 

Mouse - a hand-held pointing device (used on top of a desk) that gives directions to the computer and moves information around on a monitor screen. 

 

Mouse button – the button on a mouse that you click to perform various functions, such as selecting an object.

 

Mouse pad – a pad over which you can move a mouse.  Mouse pads provide more traction than smooth surfaces such as glass and wood, so they make it easier to move a mouse accurately.

 

Mouse pointer - a small arrow or other symbol on the display screen that moves as you move the mouse. You can select commands and options by positioning the tip of the arrow over the desired choice and click a button.

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N

Name - a sequence of one or more characters that uniquely identifies a file, variable, account, or other entity.  Computer systems impose various rules about naming objects.  For example, there is often a limit to the number of characters you can use, and not all characters are allowed.

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O

Open - to make an object accessible.  Whenever you access a file (that is, you edit a text file or run a program file), the operating system opens the file.  Opening a file can be simple or complex depending on the operating system.

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P

Page range – a location in the Print dialog box which allows you to print either all or only specified pages of your document.  The default is set to All.  To print specified pages, chose Pages and type the numbers of the pages you want to print.

 

Paragraph alignment – see alignment.

 

Password - a secret sequence of letters and numbers that will enable users to log on to a computer and prevent unauthorized use.  Passwords may be established by a system administrator or by the individual user. 

 

Paste – to copy an object from a buffer (or clipboard) to a file.  In word processing, blocks of text are moved from one place to another by cutting and pasting.  When you cut a block of text, the word processor removes the block from your file and places it in a temporary holding area (a buffer).  You can then paste the material in the buffer somewhere else.

 

Presentation – a visual representation or display of something.

 

Print – a command located on the File menu.  Click Print to print the active file or selected items.

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Printer - a device that translates signals from a computer into words and images onto paper in black and white or color. Printer types include dot matrix, ink jet, laser, impact, fax, and pen and ink devices. 

 

Print preview – in word processing, previewing refers to formatting a document for the printer, but then displaying it on the display screen instead of printing it. Previewing allows you to see exactly how the document will appear when printed.

 

Program - an organized list of instructions that, when executed, causes the computer to behave in a predetermined manner.  Without programs, computers are useless.  A program is like a recipe.  It contains a list of ingredients (called variables) and a list of directions (called statements) that tell the computer what to do with the variables.  The variables can represent numeric data, text, or graphical images.  

 

Program menu - located within the Start menu and is the common way to get to any program or application stored on the computer.

 

Programs list – a list with the programs and application stored on the computer.  You can access the list from the Start menu.

 

Prompt - in command-driven systems, one or more symbols that indicate where users are to enter commands.  For instance, in MS-DOS, the prompt is generally a drive letter followed by a "greater than" symbol (C>).  Displayed text indicating that a computer program is waiting for input from the user.

 

Pull down menu - a list of options that "pulls down" when you select a menu at the top of a window.  For example, the File menu in most programs is a pull down menu that reveals commands such as open, new, and save.

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R

Research – a systematic investigation to establish facts; a search for knowledge.

 

Resize – change the size of; make the size more appropriate.

 

Return key – the Return key moves the cursor (or insertion point) to the beginning of the next line. But more importantly, it returns control to whatever program is currently running.  After a program requests information from you (by displaying a prompt), it will usually not respond to your input until you have pressed the Return key. This allows you to correct typing mistakes or to reconsider your entry before it is too late.  In many applications, pressing the Return key moves the cursor to the next field.  In word-processing programs, pressing the Return key inserts a hard return into a document.  Almost all computer keyboards have a key marked Return or Enter; the two names are synonymous.

 

Row - a series of items arranged horizontally within some type of framework--for example, a continuous series of cells running from left to right in a spreadsheet; a horizontal line of pixels on a video screen; or a set of data values aligned horizontally in a table.

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S

Salutation – the word or phrase of greeting (as Gentlemen or Dear Sir or Madam) that conventionally comes immediately before the body of a letter.

 

Save - to copy data from a temporary area to a more permanent storage medium.  When you edit a file with a word processor, for example, the word processor copies the entire file, or portions of the file, into an area of main memory called a buffer.  Any changes you make to the file are made to the copy in the buffer, not to the real file on the disk.  The buffer is temporary -- as soon as you exit the program or turn off the computer, the buffer disappears.  To record your modifications to the file on the disk, you must save the file.  When you do this, the word processor copies the contents of the buffer back to the file on the disk, replacing the previous version of the file.

 

Screen prompts – see prompt.

 

Search engine - software that searches for specific information or files on the World Wide Web using search criteria that you enter.  A search engine works by sending out a spider to fetch as many documents as possible.

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Select - to choose an object so that you can manipulate it in some way.  You usually need to select an object -- an icon, file, folder, and so on -- before you can do anything with it.  To select an object, you move the pointer to the object and click a button.  In many applications, you can select blocks of text by positioning the pointer at an end-point of the block and then dragging the pointer over the block.

 

Shift key - A key on computer keyboards that gives the other keys an alternate meaning.  When combined with alphabetic keys, the Shift key causes the system to output a capital letter.

 

Shut down - to turn the power off.  The normal way to turn a computer off is to select Start>Shut Down.

 

Size - to make an object larger or smaller.  You can size windows to make them larger or smaller.  Other terms for size are resize and scale.

 

Slide show – the view on the Microsoft PowerPoint program that displays your slides as they will appear in an actual slide show presentation.

 

Software - the computer programs that tell the computer what to do.  Software can be divided into two groups, operating system software and application  software.  Software exists as ideas, concepts, and symbols, but it has no substance. A computer without software is like a book full of blank pages -- you need software to make the computer useful just as you need words to make a book meaningful.

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Spacebar - a long key occupying much of the bottom row of most keyboards that sends a space character to the computer.

 

Speakers – the part of the computer, which allows one to hear audio.

 

Spelling – see Spell checker.

 

Spell checker - a utility that allows you to check the spelling of words in a text document.  It will highlight any words that it does not recognize.

 

Spreadsheet - a table of values arranged in rows and columns.  Each value can have a predefined relationship to the other values.  If you change one value, therefore, you may need to change other values as well.  Spreadsheet applications (sometimes referred to simply as spreadsheets) are computer programs that let you create and manipulate spreadsheets electronically.  In a spreadsheet application, each value sits in a cell.  You can define what type of data is in each cell and how different cells depend on one another.  The relationships between cells are called formulas, and the names of the cells are called labels.  Once you have defined the cells and the formulas for linking them together, you can enter your data.  You can then modify select values to see how all the other values change accordingly.

 

Start button – in Microsoft Windows, the control on the desktop task bar that opens the main menu.

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Start menu – the image that appears if you put your mouse pointer over the Start button and gently click one time with the left mouse button.  Some of the items are clickable.

 

Surge protector - a device that shields a computer and other electronic devices from surges in electrical power, or transient voltage, that flow from the power supply.  Standard American voltage for home and office buildings is 120 volts. Anything over this amount is considered transient and can damage electronic devices that are plugged into an outlet.  Even though power surges are so brief that they are measured in nanoseconds, they can cause considerable damage to electronic equipment.

A surge protector works by channeling the extra voltage into the outlet's grounding wire, preventing it from flowing through the electronic devices while at the same time allowing the normal voltage to continue along its path.  Electrical surges can damage computer equipment by burning its wires or gradually over time wearing down the device’s internal components and even wipe out any saved data.

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T

Tab key – a key on the computer keyboard that inserts a tab character or moves the insertion point to the next tab stop.  In tables, the tab key moves the cursor to the next field or cell.

 

Table – data arranged in rows and columns.

 

Tab settings – see tab stop.

 

Tab stop - a stop point for tabbing.  In word processing programs, each line contains a number of tab stops placed at regular intervals (for example, every half inch).  They can be changed, however, and you can set tab stops wherever you want.  When you press the Tab key, the cursor or insertion point jumps to the next tab stop, which itself is invisible.  Although tab stops do not exist in the text file, the word processor keeps track of them so that it can react correctly to the Tab key.

 

Template - in word processing and desktop publishing, a template file or form that defines the layout of a document.  When you fill in a template, you specify such parameters as the page size, margins, and font.  Templates are useful because you can use the same template for many documents.

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Text - words, sentences, paragraphs.  This resource notebook, for example, consists of text.  Text processing refers to the ability to manipulate words, lines, and pages.

 

Title bar  - located on top of a window.  The title bar contains the name of the file or application.  You move (drag) a window by grabbing the title bar.

 

Toolbar - a series of selectable buttons that gives the user an easy way to select desktop applications or browser functions.  Toolbars are typically displayed as either a horizontal row or a vertical column around the edges of the display screen where they are visible while the application is in use.  Most applications use toolbars as they give the user another option aside from pull-down menus.

 

Troubleshoot - to isolate the source of a problem and fix it.  In the case of computer systems, the term troubleshoot is usually used when the problem is suspected to be hardware - related.  If the problem is known to be in software, the term debug is more commonly used.

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U

Underline - to format a selection of text so that the text is printed with a line slightly below it.

 

URL - acronym for Uniform Resource Locator.  An address for a resource on the Internet. URLs are used by Web browsers to locate Internet resources.  A URL specifies the protocol to be used in accessing the resource (such as http: for a World Wide Web page), the name of the server on which the resource resides (such as //www.whitehouse.gov), and, optionally, the path to a resource (such as an HTML document or a file on that server).

 

User name - A unique name for each user of computer services that can be accessed by several persons.  Users need to identify themselves for accounting, security, logging, and resource management.  Usually a person must also enter a password in order to access a service.  Once the user has logged on the operating system will often use a (short) user identifier, e.g. an integer, to refer to them rather than their user name. 

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V

View - To cause an application to display information on a computer screen.

 

W

Web address – see URL.

 

Web browser - software that allows a user to locate, view, and access information from World Wide Web sites via the use of a graphical interface (e.g. Internet Explorer, Netscape). 

 

Web page - A document on the World Wide Web.  Every Web page is identified by a unique URL (Uniform Resource Locator).

 

Window - An enclosed, rectangular area on a display screen.  Most operating systems and applications have graphical user interfaces  (GUIs) that let you divide your display into several windows.  Within each window, you can run a different program or display different data.  Windows are particularly valuable in multitasking environments, which allow you to execute several programs at once. By dividing your display into windows, you can see the outputs from all the programs at the same time.  To enter inputs into a program, you simply click on the desired window to make it the foreground process.

 

Word processing software - computer programs that allow documents to be typed, revised, formatted and printed quickly and efficiently (e.g. Word, Word Perfect). 

 

World Wide Web (WWW) - a system that allows access to information sites all over the world using a standard, common interface to organize and search for information. The WWW simplifies the location and retrieval of various forms of information including text, audio and video files. 

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References:

 

Berube, Margery, ed. The American Heritage Dictionary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1985.

 

Brooks , Susan & Bill Byles. "Internet4Classrooms - On-line Practice Modules" Internet4Classrooms - Helping Teachers Use the Internet.  09 Oct. 2003 http://www.internet4classrooms.com/on-line.htm.

 

“Hyperdictionary.com”. WEBNOX Corporation. 12 Jan 2004 

http://www.hyperdictionary.com 

 

"Merriam-Webster Online - The Language Center" Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. 09 Oct. 2003 

http://www.m-w.com .

 

"Microsoft Glossary" Microsoft Corporation. 09 Oct. 2003 http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=%2fsupport%2fglossary%2fD.asp

 

"Technology @ Your Fingertips" National Center for Education Statistics Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Dept. of Education. 09 Oct. 2003 

http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/tech/glossary.asp 

 

"Webopedia" internet.com Jupitermedia Corporation. 09 Oct. 2003 

http://www.pcwebopedia.com 

 

“Writing @ CSU” The Writing Center at Colorado State University. 12 Jan 2004 http://writing.colostate.edu/references/documents/bletter/pop2a.cfm

 

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